Faculty Img
  • Phone:


  • Email:


  • Office No:


  • Carmen Winkel, PhD.

  • Job Title :


  • College :

    College of Sciences and Human Studies

  • Department :

    Core Humanities & Social Sciences

Dr. Winkel earned her Ph.D. from the University of Potsdam (Germany), researching 18th Brandenburg-Prussia. University positions in Germany and China, preceded her current post at Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University in Saudi Arabia. She is teaching World Civilization, Writing and Research, Critical Thinking, Assessment, Professional Development, Written Communication and Oral Communication.  

Dr. Winkel has a wide range of research topics and more than 70 different research publications. She conducted studies on historical topics from the 17th to the 21st century in Europe and the Middle East. Currently, she is conducting research in the field of Digital Humanities and Big Data in Humanities.
In 2017, Dr. Winkel received the "Förderpreise für Militärgeschichte und Militärtecnikgeschichte", a prestigious award granted by the German Ministry of Defense and the Department of Military Technology and Procurement for outstanding academic publications.

2017 Goethe Institut Munich, Certificate for Teaching German to Speakers of other Languages

2015 Trinity College London, TESOL Teaching English for Speakers of other Languages

2012 Ph.D. in History, University of Potsdam (summa cum laude)

2005 M.A. in History, University of Potsdam (summa cum laude)


2007-2011 German Research Foundation (DFG) full doctoral scholarship

2010 German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) travel scholarship for international conference in Japan

2012 Swiss National Science Foundation (SNS) full conference grant for “Secret Networks in the Military”, Bern (Switzerland) 


Segesser, D., Gahlen, G. Winkel, C. (Eds.) (2016). Clandestine Networks in the Military 1700-1945. Brill Schöningh.

Winkel, C. (2013). In the King's Web. Networks and Patronage in the Prussian Army 1713-1786. Brill Schöningh.

Epkenhans, M., Winkel, C. (Eds.) (2013). The Garrison Church in Potsdam. Between myth and memory. Rombach.

Pröve, R., Winkel, C. (Eds.) (2012). Making Transitions. Ritual and Performance in Early Modern Military Society. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Gahlen, G., Winkel, C. (Eds.) (2010). Military Elites in Early Modern Europe. Potsdam University Press.

Thomsen, N., Winkel, C. (Eds.) (2010). The History of Potsdam and the Garrison. Trafo Publishing.


Journal Articles

Winkel, C. (2021). German Princes in the Prussian Army: Political Patronage and Family Networks. German History (in press)

Winkel, C., Strachan, L., Aamir, S. (2021). From east to west and back again: The effects of reverse culture shock on female Saudi Arabian students studying abroad. Journal for Multicultural Education (in press)

Winkel, C. (2021). “Backstabbed by a friend and saved by an enemy”: Narratives of the War: The Gulf War in Saudi Oral Histories. War & Society 40(3), 225-242 10.1080/07292473.2021.1942628

Winkel, C., McNally, B., Aamir, S. (2021). Narratives of Crisis: Female Saudi Students and the Covid-19 Pandemic. Illness, Crisis & Loss https://doi.org/10.1177/10541373211029079

Aamir, S., & Winkel, C. (2021). The Impact of Covid-19 on Saudi Arabian Female Students: An Application of the CES-D Depression Scale. Journal of Educational and Social Research11(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2021-0003

Winkel, C. (2020). Worlds in Competition: Knowledge Transfer and Knowledge Concept of the Early Modern Military Nobility. Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 102(1), 67-86. https://doi.org/10.7788/arku.2020.102.1.67

Winkel, C. (2019). The king and his army: a new perspective on the military in 18th century Prussia. International Journal of Military History and Military Historiography 39, 34-62. https://doi.org/10.1163/24683302-03901003

Winkel, C. & Strachan, L. (2019). Through the eyes of a woman: Using oral history to explore the enigmatic world of Saudi Arabia’s female population. Journal of International Women’s Studies 21(6), 83-100.

Strachan, L., Winkel, C. (2019). The Reclamation of an Arabian Tradition: Reconnecting Saudi Arabian students with their past through oral histories. The Oral History Review, 1-17 doi: 10.1080/00940798.2020.1786415

Winkel, C. (2019). Freemasons and the military in eighteenth century Europe. IF International Journal of Freemasonry Research 42/43, 13-30.

Strachan, L., Winkel, C. (2019). Oral History: An unpredictably effective strategy for teaching ESL to Saudi Arabian Students. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 9, 158-169. doi: 10.36941/ajis-2020-0014

Winkel, C. (2018). Prince Leopold III. Friedrich Franz of Anhalt-Dessau and Frederick II: The Prince of Peace and the Prussian military. Yearbook of the Historical Commission for Saxony-Anhalt 30, 93-114.

Winkel, C. (2019). The German Refugee Crisis: Narratives of Empathy and Politics of Memory. Journal of Arts and Humanities 8, 16-27.

Winkel, C. (2019). The King and his Army: a new perspective on the military in 18th century Prussia. International Journal of Military History and Military Historiography 39, 34-62. https://doi.org/10.1163/24683302-03901003

Winkel, C. (2013). Nobility and Military Rank. Conflict patterns of high noble officers in the Brandenburg-Prussian army (1713-1786). Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift 72(2), 172-199.

Rischke, J., Winkel, C. (2012). The struggle over defence policy. The Minutes of the Defence Committee of the Bundestag. Militärgeschichte 3, 14-18.

Winkel, C. (2011). Brothers, Masons, Comrads. Officers as Freemasons in 18th century Brandenburg-Prussia. Militärgeschichte 4, 10-14.

Winkel, C., Richke, J. (2011). “Hereby in Grace“. Petitions to the Royal Court in 18th century Brandenburg-Prussia. Jahrbuch für die Geschichte Mittel- und Ostdeutschlands 57, 57-86.

Winkel, C. (2011). The Recruitment of the Military Elite via Social Networks: The Prussian Officer Corps (1713-1786). Hitotsubashi Journal of Law and Politics 39, 43-55.

Winkel, C. (2007). Military in Rathenow 1733-1806. Militärgeschichte 1, 10-14.

Winkel, C. Military and Society in the 18th century – The case of Rathenow 1733-1806. Jahrbuch für Brandenburgische Landesgeschichte 57, 84-108.

Book Chapters

Winkel, C. (2020). Eighteenth-century military and princely rule. Brandenburg-Prussia as a paragon? In M. Meumann & A. Puehringer (Eds.), The Military in the Early Modern World: A Comparative Approach (pp. 67-89). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

Winkel, C. (2014). Social-historical studies on the military of the 18th century based on "mass data". A research overview. In H. Gräf, A. Hedwig & A. Wenz Haubfleisch (Eds.), Die Hessians im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg (1776-1783). Neue Quellen, neue Medien, neue Forschungen (pp. 172-199). Hessian Historical Commission Press.

Winkel, C. (2013). On the Way to Becoming a Professional Officer? Forms and Institutions of Officer Training in the Prussian Army (1713-1786). In M. Rogg & C. T. Müller (Eds.), Das ist Militärgeschichte! Probleme - Projekt – Perspektiven (pp. 410-429). Schöningh Brill.

Winkel, C. (2012). A Question of Honour: The Prussian Officer Corps as a Estates and Military Elite. In E. Birk, T. Loch & P. Popp (Eds.), Wie Friedrich „der Große“ wurde. Eine kleine Geschichte des Siebenjährigen Krieges 1756-1763 (pp. 85-90). Rombach Press.

Pröve, R., Winkel, C. (2012). Rituals in the Early Modern Military Lifeworld. In R. Pröve & C. Winkel (Eds.), Übergänge schaffen. Ritual und Performanz in der frühneuzeitlichen Militärgesellschaft. (pp. 7-25). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Winkel, C. (2012). Oath, Uniform and Guard Duty: Initiation Rituals in the Early Modern Officer Corps. In R. Pröve & C. Winkel (Eds.), Übergänge schaffen. Ritual und Performanz in der frühneuzeitlichen Militärgesellschaft. (pp. 25-45). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Winkel, C. (2012). War memories of Prussian officers between esprit de corps and royal claim (1740 -1786). In H. Carl & U. Planert (Eds.), Militärische Erinnerungskulturen vom 14. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert. Träger – Medien – Deutungskonkurrenzen. (pp. 227-245). Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht.

Winkel, C. (2012). Royal personnel policy in the military. Goals, limits and conflicts. In F. Göse & L. Beck (Eds.), Friedrich der Große und die Mark Brandenburg. Herrschaftspraxis in der Provinz. (pp. 144-163). Lukas Press.

Winkel, C. (2011). Between Distinction and Representation. Interpretation and meaning of military uniforms in the 18th century. In S. Wiggerich & S. Kensey (Eds.), Staat Macht Uniform - Uniformen als Zeichen staatlicher macht im Wandel? (pp. 127-145). Rudolf Steiner Press.

Winkel, C. (2010). Birth and Entry. Initiation rituals at entry into the Prussian officer corps in the 18th century. In: C. Roll, F. Pohle & M. Myrczek (Eds.), Grenzen und Grenzüberschreitungen. Bilanz und Perspektiven der Frühneuzeitforschung. (pp. 343-355). Böhlau Press.

Gahlen, G., Winkel, C. (2010). Introduction: Military Elites in the Early Modern Period. In G. Gahlen & C. Winkel (Eds.), Militär und Gesellschaft in der Frühen Neuzeit. (7-33). Potsdam University Press.

Winkel, C. (2019). „Faithful like gold" or "malicieus like the devil"? The Brandenburg-Prussian nobility and service as officers. In L. Beck & F. Göse (Eds.), Brandenburg und seine Landschaften. Zentrum und Region vom Spätmittelalter bis 1800 (pp. 199-219). Lukas Press.

Winkel, C. (2005). "The Gulag on the Doorstep" - The KGB Prison in the New Garden. In M. Rogg & A. Lang (Eds.), Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte. Streifzüge ins 20. Jahrhundert. (pp. 64-70). Trafo Publisher.

Winkel, C. (2005). Long Guys in Small Rooms - The Barracks of the 18th Century, in: Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte. In N. Thomsen & C. Winkel (Eds.), Eine Stadt und ihr Militär. (pp. 14-24). Trafo Publisher.

Winkel, C. (2005). "The form changes, the spirit remains the same" - The Imperial Archives on the Brauhausberg. In N. Thomsen & C. Winkel (Eds.), Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte. Eine Stadt und ihr Militär (pp. 74-82). Trafo Publisher.

Winkel, C. (2006). The Belvedere on the Pfingstberg - When Kings Dream. In D. Morgenstern, S. Theilig & N. Thomsen (Eds.), Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte. Gärten und Parklandschaften (pp. 64-72). Trafo Publisher.

Winkel, C. (2007). Of Castles in the Air and Romantic Dreams - The Italian Fantasies of Frederick William IV. In K. Strohmeier, D. Knauer & M. Staś (Eds.), Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte (pp. 92-100). Trafo Publisher.

Winkel, C., Kunow, T. (2007). The Avenue of Splendour - The Breite Straße in the 18th Century. In D. Morgenstern, T. Kunow & S. Theilig (Eds.), Potsdamer Ge(h)schichte. (pp. 34-44). Trafo Publisher.

Landesgeschichtliche Vereinigung Brandenburg und Berlin (National Historical Association)

Militär und Gesellschaft in der Frühen Neuzeit e.V. (Historical Association of Military and Society in Early Modern Times)

Google Scholar link


Advancement Award for Military History and Military Technology (October 2017)

German Ministry of Defense and Department of Military Technology and Procurement for outstanding academic publications

2005-2006 Wamata Aids Prevention Center (Tanzania)

2006-2007 Military History Research Center of the Armed Forces (Germany)

2007-2013 University of Potsdam (Germany)

2011-2013 University of Applied Sciences Potsdam (Germany)

2013-2014 Lanna Business Services (Thailand)

2015-2016 Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University (China)

2016-today Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University (Saudi Arabia)


Introduction to European Military History (Graduate Students, University of Potsdam)


Social History and Military History in Europe (Undergraduate Students, University of Potsdam, Germany)


Introduction to World History (Undergraduate Students, University of Applied Science, Potsdam, Germany)


Academic Writing and Research (Undergraduate Students, University of Applied Science, Potsdam, Germany)


History of Tourism

World History

Tourism and Law

International Law

Introduction to Sociology and Politics

Introduction to International Relations

(Undergraduate Students, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University, Nanchang, China)


World History

Written Communication

Oral Communication

Critical Thinking

Professional Development

Assessment II

Writing and Research

(Undergraduate Students, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia)

Research Methodology 

(Graduate Students, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia)


Gender History, Early Modern Europe History, Cultural History, Digital Humanities, Methodologies, Thematic Analysis, Narrative Inquiriy, Oral History